Expired MySQL passwords

I was surprised to find on one of my websites the message “Connect failed: Your password has expired. To log in you must change it using a client that supports expired passwords.

Not knowing that I was using a MySQL password expiry policy I reviewed the 5.7 documentation quickly which *clearly* states “The default default_password_lifetime value is 0, which disables automatic password expiration.”.

I then proceeded to investigate further, my steps are below the following comment.

However, it is always important with MySQL documentation and a new feature (in this case a 5.7 feature) to review release notes when installing versions or to least read ALL the documentation, because you may miss important information, such as.

From MySQL 5.7.4 to 5.7.10, the default default_password_lifetime value is 360 (passwords must be changed approximately once per year). For those versions, be aware that, if you make no changes to the default_password_lifetime variable or to individual user accounts, all user passwords will expire after 360 days, and all user accounts will start running in restricted mode when this happens. Clients…

I would encourage you to view the MySQL password expiry policy to see the full note. I have only include the intro here are a teaser, because you need to read the entire note.


Back to impatient analysis steps.

$ mysql -u admin -p 

| 5.7.9-log |

| Variable_name             | Value |
| default_password_lifetime | 360   |

SELECT host,user,password_last_changed 
FROM mysql.user
WHERE password_last_changed + INTERVAL @@default_password_lifetime DAY < CURDATE();
| host      | user         | password_last_changed |
| localhost | XXX          | 2014-12-01 12:53:36   |
| localhost | XXXXX        | 2014-12-01 12:54:04   |
| localhost | XX_XXXX      | 2015-06-04 11:01:11   |

Indeed there are some passwords that have expired.

After finding the applicable application credentials I looked at verifying the problem.

$ mysql -uXX_XXXX -p
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Server version: 5.7.9-log


Interesting, there was no error to make a client connection, however.

mysql> use XXXX;
ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must reset your password using ALTER USER statement before executing this statement.

I then proceeded to change the password with the applicable hint shown.

ALTER USER XX_XXXX@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '*************************';

I chose to reuse the same password because changing the password would require a subsequent code change. MySQL accepted the same password. (A topic for a separate discussion on this point).

A manual verification showed the application and users operating as it should be, so immediate loss of data was averted. Monitoring of the sites home page however did not detect this problem of a partial page error, so should a password expiry policy be used, an applicable check in a regularly scheduled operational task is a good feature request.

All of this could have been avoided if my analysis started with reading the documentation and the note (partly shown above) which has an alternative and potentially more practical immediate solution.

In a firefighting operational mode it can be a priority to correct the problem, however more detailed analysis is prudent to maintain a "Being proactive rather than reactive" mindset. Being a Friday, I feel the old saying "There is more than one way to skin a cat" is applicable.

I am also more familiar with the SET PASSWORD syntax, so reviewing this 5.7 manual page is also a good read to determine what specific syntax is now deprecated and what "ALTER USER is now the preferred statement for assigning passwords" also.

Understanding Drizzle user authentication options – Part 2

A key differentiator in Drizzle from it’s original MySQL roots is user based authentication. Gone is the host/user and schema/table/column model that was stored in the MyISAM based mysql.user table.

Authentication is now completely pluggable, leveraging existing systems such as PAM, LDAP via PAM and Http authentication.

In this post I’ll talk about HTTP authentication which requires an external http server to implement successfully. You can look at Part 1 for PAM authentication.

Compiling for http auth support

By default during compilation you may find.

checking for libcurl... no
configure: WARNING: libcurl development lib not found: not building auth_http plugin. On Debian this is found in libcurl4-gnutls-dev. On RedHat it's in libcurl-devel.

In my case I needed:

$ sudo yum install curl-devel

NOTE: Bug #527255 talks about issues of the message being incorrect for libcurl-devel however this appears it may be valid in Fedora Installs

After successfully installing the necessary pre-requisite you should see.

checking for libcurl... yes
checking how to link with libcurl... -lcurl
checking if libcurl has CURLOPT_USERNAME... no

HTTP Authentication

We need to enable the plugin at server startup.

$ sbin/drizzled --mysql-protocol-port=3399 --plugin_add=auth_http &

You need to ensure the auth_http plugin is active by checking the data dictionary plugin table.

drizzle> select * from data_dictionary.plugins where plugin_name='auth_http';
| auth_http   | Authentication | TRUE      |             |

The auth_http plugin also has the following system variables.

| Variable_name    | Value             |
| auth_http_enable | OFF               |
| auth_http_url    | http://localhost/ |
2 rows in set (0 sec)

In order to configure Http authentication, you need to have the following settings added to your drizzled.cnf file. For example:

$ cat etc/drizzled.cnf

NOTE: Replace the domain name with something you have, even localhost.

A Drizzle restart gives us

$ bin/drizzle -e "SHOW GLOBAL VARIABLES LIKE 'auth_http%'"
| Variable_name    | Value                       |
| auth_http_enable | ON                          |
| auth_http_url    | http://thedrizzler.com/auth |

By default, currently if the settings result in an invalid url, then account validation does not fail and you can still login. It is recommended that you always configure pam authentication as well as a fall back.

$ wget -O tmp http://thedrizzler.com/auth
--17:32:32--  http://thedrizzler.com/auth
Resolving thedrizzler.com...
Connecting to thedrizzler.com||:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 404 Not Found
17:32:32 ERROR 404: Not Found.

$ bin/drizzle
drizzle > exit

Configuring passwords

To correctly configured your web server to perform the HTTP auth, you can use this Apache syntax as an example.

The following is added to the VirtualHost entry in your web browser.

<Directory /var/www/drizzle/auth>
AllowOverride FileInfo All AuthConfig
AuthType Basic
AuthName "Drizzle Access Only"
AuthUserFile /home/drizzle/.authentication
Require valid-user
$ sudo su -
$ mkdir /var/www/drizzle/auth
$ touch /var/www/drizzle/auth/index.htm
$ apachectl graceful

We check we now need permissions for the URL.

$ wget -O tmp http://thedrizzler.com/auth
--17:35:48--  http://thedrizzler.com/auth
Resolving thedrizzler.com...
Connecting to thedrizzler.com||:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 401 Authorization Required
Authorization failed.

You need to create the username/password for access.

$ htpasswd -cb /home/drizzle/.authentication testuser sakila
$ cat /home/drizzle/.authentication

Confirm that the http auth with correct user/password works.

$ wget -O tmp http://thedrizzler.com/auth --user=testuser --password=sakila
--17:37:45--  http://thedrizzler.com/auth
Resolving thedrizzler.com...
Connecting to thedrizzler.com||:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 301 Moved Permanently

Drizzle HTTP Authentication in action

By default we now can’t login

$ bin/drizzle
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user ''@'' (using password: NO)
$ bin/drizzle --user=testuser --password=sakila999
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'testuser'@'' (using password: YES)

$ bin/drizzle --user=testuser --password=sakila
Welcome to the Drizzle client..  Commands end with ; or g.
Your Drizzle connection id is 6
Server version: 7 Source distribution (trunk)

Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the buffer.