Archive for January, 2010

Be sure to know your my.cnf [sections]

Tuesday, January 26th, 2010

The MySQL configuration file, e.g. /etc/my.cnf has a number of different section headings including [mysql], [mysqld], [mysqld_safe]. It is important that you ensure you put the right variables into the right section. For example, the following my.cnf configuration file will not operate as the user probably expects.

[mysqld]
...
log-bin=mysql-bin
server-id=1
query_cache_size = 100M
query_cache_type = 1

...

[mysqld_safe]
...
key_buffer_size=600M
skip-innodb
...

In this example, this configuration does not give you a MyISAM key buffer of 600M, it’s actually the default of 8M.

mysql> show global variables like 'key_buffer_size';
+-----------------+---------+
| Variable_name   | Value   |
+-----------------+---------+
| key_buffer_size | 8388600 |
+-----------------+---------+

Be sure to add the right options to the [mysqld] section.

What I didn’t know until yesterday was that some programs read from multiple groups. From the 5.1.2. Server Command Options MySQL reference manual page. In helping the describe the problem for the benefit of readers I actually learned something new myself.


mysqld reads options from the [mysqld] and [server] groups. mysqld_safe reads options from the [mysqld], [server], [mysqld_safe], and [safe_mysqld] groups. mysql.server reads options from the [mysqld] and [mysql.server] groups.

I have for example always put log-error in both the [mysqld_safe] and [mysql]d sections because both of these write different errors. Seems that is unnecessary.

Problem of the day, DESC gives error.

Tuesday, January 26th, 2010

I hit this interesting problem last night on 5.0.51a.

mysql> use information_schema;
mysql> desc routines;
ERROR 1 (HY000): Can't create/write to file '/home/tmp/#sql_fea_1.MYD' (Errcode: 24)
mysql> show create table routines\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
       Table: ROUTINES
Create Table: CREATE TEMPORARY TABLE `ROUTINES` (
  `SPECIFIC_NAME` varchar(64) NOT NULL default '',
  `ROUTINE_CATALOG` varchar(512) default NULL,
  `ROUTINE_SCHEMA` varchar(64) NOT NULL default '',
  `ROUTINE_NAME` varchar(64) NOT NULL default '',
  `ROUTINE_TYPE` varchar(9) NOT NULL default '',
  `DTD_IDENTIFIER` varchar(64) default NULL,
  `ROUTINE_BODY` varchar(8) NOT NULL default '',
  `ROUTINE_DEFINITION` longtext,
  `EXTERNAL_NAME` varchar(64) default NULL,
  `EXTERNAL_LANGUAGE` varchar(64) default NULL,
  `PARAMETER_STYLE` varchar(8) NOT NULL default '',
  `IS_DETERMINISTIC` varchar(3) NOT NULL default '',
  `SQL_DATA_ACCESS` varchar(64) NOT NULL default '',
  `SQL_PATH` varchar(64) default NULL,
  `SECURITY_TYPE` varchar(7) NOT NULL default '',
  `CREATED` datetime NOT NULL default '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `LAST_ALTERED` datetime NOT NULL default '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
  `SQL_MODE` longtext NOT NULL,
  `ROUTINE_COMMENT` varchar(64) NOT NULL default '',
  `DEFINER` varchar(77) NOT NULL default ''
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

I tried in on my MySQL 5.1 server without incident. In a few minutes of thinking about it, I was unable to determine the problem. Anybody care to guess?

Speaking at MySQL UC 2010

Wednesday, January 20th, 2010

My talk on 10x performance improvements – A case study has just been approved for the 2010 MySQL Conference. This will be my 5th straight year speaking at the MySQL conferences. For those in Europe wanting a sneak peek I am also speaking at FOSDEM 2010 in Brussels on Feb 7th where I’ll be giving an abridged version.

As an independent MySQL consultant, my work generally covers performance tuning and scalability and sometimes database architecture. Often however my work involves a review of a given problem and recommendations (immediate, short and long term). I’m rarely involved in the full implementation and generally do not see the full fruits of the proposed work.

Recently however I was able to work with a client, first in resolving critical performance issues and then in a review of the application architecture and MySQL environment, provide recommendations and also helping internal resources in the successful implementation. The result was a very successful engagement and an ideal case study on a strategy for tackling improving performance of an application using MySQL.

With an existing environment that included a MySQL master, 3 database slaves and 6 web servers this application provided the grounds of a well sized configuration and the need for greater availability and scalability.

The Call for Papers for the 2010 MySQL conference is still open. If you would like to share your experiences with MySQL submit your talk today.


O'Reilly MySQL Conference & Expo 2010

Europe conference options for MySQL Developers

Monday, January 4th, 2010

For those in the US the annual MySQL UC is taking place again in April. For those in Europe we have dedicated room for MySQL and MySQL related products/variants/branches at FOSDEM 2010 being held in Brussels, Belgium on 6-7 Feb.

This conference will feature a full day of talks with a format of 20 minutes presentation and 5 minutes Q&A. More information about submissions can be found at Call for Papers for “MySQL and Friends” Developer Room at FOSDEM 2010 now open!

Other references:

Updated

Wednesday January 6th is the last date for submissions. Extension for FOSDEM MySQL