Multi-Master Manager for MySQL – FOSDEM 2010

The next presentation by Piotr Biel from Percona was on Multi-Master Manager for MySQL.

The introduction included a discussion of the popular MySQL HA solutions including:

  • MySQL Master-slave replication with failover
  • MMM managed bi-directional replication
  • Heartbeat/SAN
  • Heartbeat/DRBD
  • NDB Cluster

A key problem that was clarified in the talk is the discussion of Multi-Master and this IS NOT master-master. You only write to a single node. With MySQL is this critical because MySQL replication does not manage collision detection.

The MMM Cluster Elements are:

  • monitoring node
  • database nodes

And the Application Components are:

  • mon
  • agent
  • angel

MMM works with 3 layers.

  • Network Layer – uses a virtual IP address, related to servers, not a physical machine
  • Database Layer
  • Application Layer

MMM uses two roles for management with your application.

  • exclusive – also known as the writer
  • balanced – also known as the reader

There are 3 different statuses are used to indicate node state

  • proper operation
  • maintenance
  • fatal errors

The mmm_control is the tool used to manage the cluster including:

  • move roles
  • enable/disable individual nodes
  • view cluster status
  • configure failover

The Implementation challenges require the use of the following MySQL settings to minimize problems.

  • auto_increment_offset/auto_increment_increment
  • log_slave_updates
  • read_only

FOSDEM 2010 MySQL Developer Room Schedule
FOSDEM 2010 Website
Brussels, Belgium
February 7, 2010

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