Tracking the Ubuntu OpenStack installation process

Following on from Installing Ubuntu OpenStack the following steps help you navigate around the single server installation, monitoring and debugging the installation process.

Configuration

The initial execution of the installer will create a default config.yaml file that defines the container and OpenStack services. After a successful installation this looks like:

$ more $HOME/.cloud-install/config.yaml
container_ip: 10.0.3.149
current_state: 2
deploy_complete: true
install_type: Single
openstack_password: openstack
openstack_release: juno
placements:
  controller:
    assignments:
      LXC:
      - nova-cloud-controller
      - glance
      - glance-simplestreams-sync
      - openstack-dashboard
      - juju-gui
      - keystone
      - mysql
      - neutron-api
      - neutron-openvswitch
      - rabbitmq-server
    constraints:
      cpu-cores: 2
      mem: 6144
      root-disk: 20480
  nova-compute-machine-0:
    assignments:
      BareMetal:
      - nova-compute
    constraints:
      mem: 4096
      root-disk: 40960
  quantum-gateway-machine-0:
    assignments:
      BareMetal:
      - quantum-gateway
    constraints:
      mem: 2048
      root-disk: 20480

This file changes during the installation process which I described later.

The LXC Container

The single server installation is managed within a single LXC container. You can obtain details of and connect to the container with the following.

$ sudo lxc-ls --fancy
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
uoi-bootstrap  RUNNING  10.0.3.149, 10.0.4.1, 192.168.122.1  -     YES      

$ sudo lxc-info --name uoi-bootstrap
Name:           uoi-bootstrap
State:          RUNNING
PID:            19623
IP:             10.0.3.149
IP:             10.0.4.1
IP:             192.168.122.1
CPU use:        27692.85 seconds
BlkIO use:      63.94 GiB
Memory use:     24.29 GiB
KMem use:       0 bytes
Link:           vethC0E9US
 TX bytes:      507.43 MiB
 RX bytes:      1.43 GiB
 Total bytes:   1.93 GiB

$ sudo lxc-attach --name uoi-bootstrap

You can also connect to the server directly. As I prefer to NEVER configure or connect to a server as root this is how I access the LXC container.

$ ssh ubuntu@10.0.3.149

Juju Status

When connected to the LXC container you can then look at the status of the Juju orchestration with.

$ export JUJU_HOME=~/.cloud-install/juju

$ juju status
environment: local
machines:
  "0":
    agent-state: started
    agent-version: 1.20.11.1
    dns-name: localhost
    instance-id: localhost
    series: trusty
    state-server-member-status: has-vote
  "1":
    agent-state: started
    agent-version: 1.20.11.1
    dns-name: 10.0.4.62
    instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-1
    series: trusty
    hardware: arch=amd64 cpu-cores=1 mem=4096M root-disk=40960M
  "2":
    agent-state: started
    agent-version: 1.20.11.1
    dns-name: 10.0.4.77
    instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2
    series: trusty
    containers:
      2/lxc/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.147
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-0
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
      2/lxc/1:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.15
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-1
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
      2/lxc/2:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.135
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-2
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
      2/lxc/3:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.133
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-3
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
      2/lxc/4:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.119
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-4
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
      2/lxc/5:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.88
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-5
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
      2/lxc/6:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.155
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-6
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
      2/lxc/7:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.36
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-7
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
      2/lxc/8:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.11
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-2-lxc-8
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
    hardware: arch=amd64 cpu-cores=2 mem=6144M root-disk=20480M
  "3":
    agent-state: started
    agent-version: 1.20.11.1
    dns-name: 10.0.4.10
    instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-3
    series: trusty
    hardware: arch=amd64 cpu-cores=1 mem=2048M root-disk=20480M
  "4":
    agent-state: started
    agent-version: 1.20.11.1
    dns-name: 10.0.4.96
    instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-4
    series: trusty
    hardware: arch=amd64 cpu-cores=1 mem=512M root-disk=8192M
  "5":
    agent-state: started
    agent-version: 1.20.11.1
    dns-name: 10.0.4.140
    instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-5
    series: trusty
    hardware: arch=amd64 cpu-cores=1 mem=512M root-disk=8192M
  "6":
    agent-state: started
    agent-version: 1.20.11.1
    dns-name: 10.0.4.197
    instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-6
    series: trusty
    hardware: arch=amd64 cpu-cores=1 mem=512M root-disk=8192M
services:
  glance:
    charm: cs:trusty/glance-11
    exposed: false
    relations:
      amqp:
      - rabbitmq-server
      cluster:
      - glance
      identity-service:
      - keystone
      image-service:
      - nova-cloud-controller
      - nova-compute
      object-store:
      - swift-proxy
      shared-db:
      - mysql
    units:
      glance/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/4
        open-ports:
        - 9292/tcp
        public-address: 10.0.4.119
  glance-simplestreams-sync:
    charm: local:trusty/glance-simplestreams-sync-0
    exposed: false
    relations:
      amqp:
      - rabbitmq-server
      identity-service:
      - keystone
    units:
      glance-simplestreams-sync/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/5
        public-address: 10.0.4.88
  juju-gui:
    charm: cs:trusty/juju-gui-16
    exposed: false
    units:
      juju-gui/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/1
        open-ports:
        - 80/tcp
        - 443/tcp
        public-address: 10.0.4.15
  keystone:
    charm: cs:trusty/keystone-12
    exposed: false
    relations:
      cluster:
      - keystone
      identity-service:
      - glance
      - glance-simplestreams-sync
      - neutron-api
      - nova-cloud-controller
      - openstack-dashboard
      - swift-proxy
      shared-db:
      - mysql
    units:
      keystone/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/2
        public-address: 10.0.4.135
  mysql:
    charm: cs:trusty/mysql-12
    exposed: false
    relations:
      cluster:
      - mysql
      shared-db:
      - glance
      - keystone
      - neutron-api
      - nova-cloud-controller
      - nova-compute
      - quantum-gateway
    units:
      mysql/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/0
        public-address: 10.0.4.147
  neutron-api:
    charm: cs:trusty/neutron-api-6
    exposed: false
    relations:
      amqp:
      - rabbitmq-server
      cluster:
      - neutron-api
      identity-service:
      - keystone
      neutron-api:
      - nova-cloud-controller
      neutron-plugin-api:
      - neutron-openvswitch
      shared-db:
      - mysql
    units:
      neutron-api/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/7
        open-ports:
        - 9696/tcp
        public-address: 10.0.4.36
  neutron-openvswitch:
    charm: cs:trusty/neutron-openvswitch-2
    exposed: false
    relations:
      amqp:
      - rabbitmq-server
      neutron-plugin:
      - nova-compute
      neutron-plugin-api:
      - neutron-api
    subordinate-to:
    - nova-compute
  nova-cloud-controller:
    charm: cs:trusty/nova-cloud-controller-51
    exposed: false
    relations:
      amqp:
      - rabbitmq-server
      cloud-compute:
      - nova-compute
      cluster:
      - nova-cloud-controller
      identity-service:
      - keystone
      image-service:
      - glance
      neutron-api:
      - neutron-api
      quantum-network-service:
      - quantum-gateway
      shared-db:
      - mysql
    units:
      nova-cloud-controller/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/3
        open-ports:
        - 3333/tcp
        - 8773/tcp
        - 8774/tcp
        - 9696/tcp
        public-address: 10.0.4.133
  nova-compute:
    charm: cs:trusty/nova-compute-14
    exposed: false
    relations:
      amqp:
      - rabbitmq-server
      cloud-compute:
      - nova-cloud-controller
      compute-peer:
      - nova-compute
      image-service:
      - glance
      neutron-plugin:
      - neutron-openvswitch
      shared-db:
      - mysql
    units:
      nova-compute/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: "1"
        public-address: 10.0.4.62
        subordinates:
          neutron-openvswitch/0:
            upgrading-from: cs:trusty/neutron-openvswitch-2
            agent-state: started
            agent-version: 1.20.11.1
            public-address: 10.0.4.62
  openstack-dashboard:
    charm: cs:trusty/openstack-dashboard-9
    exposed: false
    relations:
      cluster:
      - openstack-dashboard
      identity-service:
      - keystone
    units:
      openstack-dashboard/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/6
        open-ports:
        - 80/tcp
        - 443/tcp
        public-address: 10.0.4.155
  quantum-gateway:
    charm: cs:trusty/quantum-gateway-10
    exposed: false
    relations:
      amqp:
      - rabbitmq-server
      cluster:
      - quantum-gateway
      quantum-network-service:
      - nova-cloud-controller
      shared-db:
      - mysql
    units:
      quantum-gateway/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: "3"
        public-address: 10.0.4.10
  rabbitmq-server:
    charm: cs:trusty/rabbitmq-server-26
    exposed: false
    relations:
      amqp:
      - glance
      - glance-simplestreams-sync
      - neutron-api
      - neutron-openvswitch
      - nova-cloud-controller
      - nova-compute
      - quantum-gateway
      cluster:
      - rabbitmq-server
    units:
      rabbitmq-server/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 2/lxc/8
        open-ports:
        - 5672/tcp
        public-address: 10.0.4.11

You can also look at a subset of the status for a particular service, for example keystone with:

$ juju status keystone
environment: local
machines:
  "1":
    agent-state: started
    agent-version: 1.20.11.1
    dns-name: 10.0.4.128
    instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-1
    series: trusty
    containers:
      1/lxc/2:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        dns-name: 10.0.4.142
        instance-id: ubuntu-local-machine-1-lxc-2
        series: trusty
        hardware: arch=amd64
    hardware: arch=amd64 cpu-cores=2 mem=6144M root-disk=20480M
services:
  keystone:
    charm: cs:trusty/keystone-12
    exposed: false
    relations:
      cluster:
      - keystone
      identity-service:
      - glance
      - glance-simplestreams-sync
      - neutron-api
      - nova-cloud-controller
      - openstack-dashboard
      shared-db:
      - mysql
    units:
      keystone/0:
        agent-state: started
        agent-version: 1.20.11.1
        machine: 1/lxc/2
        public-address: 10.0.4.142

Monitoring the Installation

When performing an installation you can monitor the executed commands with:

$ tail -f $HOME/.cloud-install/commands.log

...

This provides a lot of debugging output. A streamlined logging is actually possible with automated installation described later.

Uninstalling

As the single server instance is in a LXC container, as the documentation states uninstalling the environment is a rather trivial process that takes only a few seconds.

This will teardown the cloud but leaving userdata available for a subsequent deployment.

$ sudo openstack-install -k
Warning:

This will destroy the host Container housing the OpenStack private cloud. This is a permanent operation.
Proceed? [y/N] Y
Removing static route
Removing host container...
Container is removed.

You can also do a more permanent uninstall of the cloud and packages.

$ sudo openstack-install -u
Warning:

This will uninstall OpenStack and make a best effort to return the system back to its original state.
Proceed? [y/N] Y
Restoring system to last known state.
Ubuntu Openstack Installer Uninstalling ...Single install path.

This does not however seem to cleanup $HOME/.cloud-install. You can safely remove this or move it sideways when re-deploying without any issues.

Installation automation

As described in my original post, the openstack-install script is a cursors-based interactive view. You can automate the installation by defining the needed setup inputs in a separate configuration file and running in headless mode.

$ echo "install_type: Single
openstack_password: openstack" > install.yaml

$ sudo openstack-install --headless --config install.yaml

This has the added benefit providing a more meaningful log of the state of the installation with less verbose information then in the commands.log file.

[INFO  • 06-02 12:02:42 • cloudinstall.install] Running in headless mode.
[INFO  • 06-02 12:02:42 • cloudinstall.install] Performing a Single Install
[INFO  • 06-02 12:02:42 • cloudinstall.task] [TASKLIST] ['Initializing Environment', 'Creating container', 'Bootstrapping Juju']
[INFO  • 06-02 12:02:42 • cloudinstall.task] [TASK] Initializing Environment
[INFO  • 06-02 12:02:42 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Building environment
[INFO  • 06-02 12:02:42 • cloudinstall.single_install] Prepared userdata: {'extra_sshkeys': ['ssh-rsa ...\n'], 'seed_command': ['env', 'pollinate', '-q']}
[INFO  • 06-02 12:02:42 • cloudinstall.single_install] Setting permissions for user rbradfor
[INFO  • 06-02 12:02:43 • cloudinstall.task] [TASK] Creating container
[INFO  • 06-02 12:04:20 • cloudinstall.single_install] Setting DHCP properties for host container.
[INFO  • 06-02 12:04:20 • cloudinstall.single_install] Adding static route for 10.0.4.0/24 via 10.0.3.160
...
[INFO  • 06-02 12:22:50 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking availability of nova-cloud-controller: pending
[INFO  • 06-02 12:23:31 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking availability of nova-cloud-controller: installed
[INFO  • 06-02 12:23:52 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking availability of nova-cloud-controller: started
[INFO  • 06-02 12:24:34 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking availability of keystone: started
[INFO  • 06-02 12:24:44 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking availability of keystone: started
[INFO  • 06-02 12:24:44 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking availability of nova-cloud-controller: started
[INFO  • 06-02 12:27:38 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking availability of quantum-gateway: started
[INFO  • 06-02 12:27:38 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking availability of nova-cloud-controller: started
[INFO  • 06-02 12:27:38 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Validating network parameters for Neutron
[INFO  • 06-02 12:27:53 • cloudinstall.consoleui] All systems go!=

And 25 minutes later you have an available cloud.

If you attempt to look at the GUI status page with openstack-status you will be given a text based version of messages like.

$ sudo openstack-status
[INFO  • 06-02 12:06:21 • cloudinstall.core] Running openstack-status in headless mode.
[INFO  • 06-02 12:06:21 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Loaded placements from file.
[INFO  • 06-02 12:06:21 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Waiting for machines to start: 3 unknown
[INFO  • 06-02 12:08:20 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Waiting for machines to start: 1 pending, 2 unknown
[INFO  • 06-02 12:08:48 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Waiting for machines to start: 2 pending, 1 unknown
[INFO  • 06-02 12:09:04 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Waiting for machines to start: 1 down (started), 1 pending, 1 unknown
[INFO  • 06-02 12:09:13 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Waiting for machines to start: 1 down (started), 2 pending
[INFO  • 06-02 12:09:20 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Waiting for machines to start: 2 down (started), 1 pending
[INFO  • 06-02 12:09:26 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Waiting for machines to start: 1 pending, 2 started
[INFO  • 06-02 12:09:51 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Waiting for machines to start: 1 down (started), 2 started
[INFO  • 06-02 12:10:44 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Verifying service deployments
[INFO  • 06-02 12:10:44 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Missing ConsoleUI() attribute: set_pending_deploys
[INFO  • 06-02 12:10:44 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking if MySQL is deployed
[INFO  • 06-02 12:10:44 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Deploying MySQL to machine lxc:1
[INFO  • 06-02 12:10:49 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Deployed MySQL.
[INFO  • 06-02 12:10:49 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking if Juju GUI is deployed
[INFO  • 06-02 12:10:49 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Deploying Juju GUI to machine lxc:1
[INFO  • 06-02 12:11:00 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Deployed Juju GUI.
[INFO  • 06-02 12:11:00 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Checking if Keystone is deployed
[INFO  • 06-02 12:11:00 • cloudinstall.consoleui] Deploying Keystone to machine lxc:1
...

It seems you can trick it into providing both a GUI and text version with the following in another shell session.

$ sed -ie "/headless/d" $HOME/.cloud-install/config.yaml
$ sudo openstack-status

NOTE: You will not get any output until the initial container is completed. This also leaves a .pid file that must be manually cleaned up if you run to soon. The next invocation provides the following message.

$ sudo openstack-status
Another instance of openstack-status is running. If you're sure there are no other instances, please remove ~/.cloud-install/openstack.pid
$ rm $HOME/.cloud-install/openstack.pid

Monitoring the installation progress

The running config.yaml file changes over the duration of the installation.
It’s most basic configuration (when starting with the GUI) is:

$ more $HOME/.cloud-install/config.yaml
current_state: 0
openstack_release: juno

The release is also defined in the $HOME/.cloud-install/openstack_release file.

When starting by passing the configuration as previously mentioned it’s initial state is:

$ more $HOME/.cloud-install/config.yaml
config_file: install.yaml
current_state: 0
headless: true
install_type: Single
openstack_password: openstack
openstack_release: juno

This is updated when the LXC container is installed.

$ more $HOME/.cloud-install/config.yaml
config_file: install.yaml
container_ip: 10.0.3.77
current_state: 0
headless: true
install_type: Single
openstack_password: openstack
openstack_release: juno

And also updated during installation, such as.

$ more $HOME/.cloud-install/config.yaml
config_file: install.yaml
container_ip: 10.0.3.77
current_state: 0
headless: true
install_type: Single
openstack_password: openstack
openstack_release: juno
placements:
  controller:
    assignments:
      LXC:
      - nova-cloud-controller
      - glance
      - glance-simplestreams-sync
      - openstack-dashboard
      - juju-gui
      - keystone
      - mysql
      - neutron-api
      - neutron-openvswitch
      - rabbitmq-server
    constraints:
      cpu-cores: 2
      mem: 6144
      root-disk: 20480
  nova-compute-machine-0:
    assignments:
      BareMetal:
      - nova-compute
    constraints:
      mem: 4096
      root-disk: 40960
  quantum-gateway-machine-0:
    assignments:
      BareMetal:
      - quantum-gateway
    constraints:
      mem: 2048
      root-disk: 20480

When completed the configuration has the following settings.

config_file: install.yaml
container_ip: 10.0.3.77
current_state: 2
deploy_complete: true
install_type: Single
openstack_password: openstack
openstack_release: juno
placements:
...

Problems

When using the GUI installer the first time you quit (using Q), it seems to leave the terminal state wrong. The following will reset this to normal use.

$ stty sane  ^j    # (i.e. Ctrl-J together).

Subsequent uses of openstack-status do not have the same problem.

References

In my next post I am going to talk about the analysis taken to debug errors in the installation, starting with Keystone – hook failed: “config-changed” message I got attempting to install kilo, and hence this more detailed analysis of the installation process components.

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