I want a mysqldump –ignore-database option

While working with RDS and Google Cloud SQL I have come to realize that excluding the mysql schema from a mysqldump is important. However with many databases, the –all-databases option enables you only to select all or none. There is however an easy solution to exclude one or more databases in mysqldump with this little gem I created.

$ time mysqldump --databases `mysql --skip-column-names -e "SELECT GROUP_CONCAT(schema_name SEPARATOR ' ') FROM information_schema.schemata WHERE schema_name NOT IN ('mysql','performance_schema','information_schema');" >` >/mysql/backup/rds2.sql

An you can exclude as many schemas as you want.

I checked the mysqldump –help, there was no option in MySQL 5.1, asked a colleague just to be sure I wasn’t wasting my time, and it took all of 2 minutes to create and test a working solution.

When is a database schema not a database schema?

mysql> show schemas;
| Database           |
| information_schema |
| innodb             |
| mysql              |
| performance_schema |
4 rows in set (0.00 sec)
mysql> drop schema innodb;
ERROR 1010 (HY000): Error dropping database (can't rmdir './innodb/', errno: 17)

This is an additional schema that is included in an AWS RDS installation. You should not put directories in the MySQL data directory.